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LEADER The textile industry is resource-intensive and waste-generating and has to change to become sustainable and remain profitable – particularly in the face of rising climate-change disasters, increasing consumer demand for sustainable materials, and environmental awareness. The industry is based on a linear “take-make-waste” logic, where large amounts of resources are extracted to produce items that are often only used for a short time and the resultant waste mainly goes to landfills or is incinerated, causing adverse environmental effects. One of the most sustainable and scalable levers to address this problem is closed-loop, fiber-to-fiber recycling (turning textile waste into new fibers that are used to create new textile products), which will greatly help the industry move from a linear logic to a circular system. There are 4 fiber-to-to fiber recycling technology archetypes – mechanical, thermo-mechanical, chemical, and thermochemical. Some, like the chemical recycling of polyester, are nearly commercialized. But being able to return textile to virgin quality and be energy-efficient in the process are counter-correlated, therefore the long-termsolution likely includes a variety of recycling technologies targeting niche markets. Once mature, analysis estimates that 70% of textile waste in Europe could be fiber-to-fiber recycled, with a large potential for greenhouse-gas emissions’ saving. The current barriers to scale mean that less than 1% of it is. The biggest challenge is predictable sources of textile waste. Textile waste requires sorting to be categorized into items for reuse, recycling, downcycling, or incineration. Waste used for recycling then needs to go through pre-processing (cleaning, removing parts that cannot be recycled, and cutting into fabric). Fiber-to-fiber recycling technologies need to expand their abilities further to handle fiber blends, lower costs, and improve output quality if they are to reach full potential. If these challenges are overcome, the industry could become self-standing and profitable with a € 1.5 billion to € 2 billion profit pool by 2030. Scaling textile recycling also unlocks environmental and social benefits. In a base-case scenario, about 15,000 new jobs in Europe could be created and CO2e emissions could be reduced by around 4 million tons. The textile industry could reach € 3.5-4.5 billion in total annual holistic impact by 2030. Major action needs to be taken quickly for textile recycling to reach a favorable state by 2030. There are 5 main areas for success. Critical scale: The industry must set and meet bold scaling targets – critical scale across the value chain is needed to provide sufficient feedstock for fiber-to-fiber recycling to operate at scale. Real collaboration: Businesses, investors, and public institutions need to come together in an unprecedented way and engage in an operational joint effort. Transition funding: Short-term transition funding is needed for the textile-recycling industry to become self-standing and profitable. Solutions could be subsidies, such as Extended Producer Responsibility, green premiums, and public-private collaboration. Investments: Significant capital expenditure is needed for several parts of the value chain to be built out almost from scratch – investments of around € 6-7 billion by 2030. Analysis indicates that sufficient economic value can be realized to make up for the required risk. Public-sector: Public-sector institutions need to drive up collection rates, limit export of unsorted textile waste, engage in demand simulation, and create harmonized frameworks for increased circulatory, among others. To achieve success in these 5 areas, stakeholders can consider certain actions: Brands and distributors: Set and communicate ambitious goals backwards in the value chain, adopt green premiums to hasten the scale up of technologies, create in-store collection sites, and design for circularity. Public sector and NGOs: Build awareness on the issue, expand infrastructure for collection, and increase incentives for sorting. Explore how public funds could improve the economics of the value chain, collaborate with EPR schemes across Europe to support a cross-border circular value chain, harmonize regulation throughout the EU, and explore how public procurement and buying could accelerate demand. Investors and entrepreneurs: Create innovative approaches to fund capital-expenditure requirements and invest in collaborative research projects to improve sorting and pre-processing. Engage with the textile manufacturing value chain to define collaboration for the end-to-end delivery of recycled fibers, and communicate with brands, textile manufacturers, and regulators about what is needed to bring the circular model to scale. Textile manufacturers: Adopt concrete circularity and sustainability goals on a strategic level, allocate capital to fund next-generation equipment, and engage in the value chain to support the adoption of mechanically recycled fibers. A significant transformation opportunity lies ahead that could result in a new, large, sustainable industry in Europe – now is the time to turn waste into value. For further information, please see McKinsey &Company’s report: Scaling textile recycling in Europe – turning waste into value, July 2022. Karl-Hendrik Magnus Senior Partner McKinsey & Company Frankfurt/Germany Scaling textile recycling in Europe Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 105
106 Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 CONTENTS Leader 105 Scaling textile recycling in Europe K.-H. Magnus Industry News 108, 112 Fiber news (Hyosung, Hypetex, PyroTex, Toray) 108, 111, 113, 116, 120, 123 Fiber production news (Alkegen, AMSilk, Aquafil, IFC, Kordsa, Modern Synthesis, Rieter, Sahm) 110, 114, 117, 118, 120, 122 Current acquisitions; co-operations; joint ventures (Archroma/Huntsman, Compass Diversified/PrimaLoft, IVL/Tollegno, HeiQ/Renewcell, IVL/Auping/TWE, Lycra, Trützschler/Texnology, Lanxess/Advent International, Neenah/Schweitzer Mauduit) 109-112, Company finances (IVL, Lenzing, Oerlikon, 121, 122 Reliance, SGL Carbon, Suominen, Trevira) 113, 114, Trade fairs, exhibitions and conferences 116 (Cellulose Fibres Conference, Dornbirn GFC, Filtrex, ITMA) 122, 124 Nonwovens news (Freudenberg, Suominen) 119, 121 Recycling news (Herbold Meckesheim, Michelin, Teijin/Fujitsu) 115 Current crises burden composites industry (Composites Germany) 116 100th anniversary of Rudolf 118 Half fibers, half insulation, fully recycled (Thermore) 121 Junior engineers with focus on sustainability (VDMA) 122 Insole innovation made from 100% recycled content (Texon) 124 RISE Innovation Awards finalists announced (INDA) 125 K 2022: preview Fibers 127 Functional fibers based on recycled PP from home textiles R. Malgueiro, N. Kizildag et al. 129 Recycled synthetic polymer fibers in thermal and acoustic insulation applications L.M. Shilpa, S. Viju 131 Techtextil 2022: Sustainability in the field of man-made fibers R. Wissel, M. Sachtleben 3 Chemical Fibers International Fiber Polymers, Fibers, Texturing and Spunbonds September 2022 Volume 72
CONTENTS 133 PA fiber helps to keep cool (TTRI) Fiber Production 135 Engineering companies: Project list of new polymer and chemical fiber plants 2021/2022 137 Temperature control in filament production(Retech) 138 Preparation and drug release properties of curcumin-loaded PVA/PAA nanofibers Shi Jiayin, Gao Jing, Wang Lu Textile Industry 141 Comparative study of fabric comfort properties of different man-made cellulosic fibers R. Nagpure, M. Patel, A. Chakrabarti, S. Bhaumik 144 Targeted component performance through bast/basalt hybrid composites L. Medina, A. Saleem 147 Product to product recycling through the example of a climbing rope L. Debicki, M. Strozyk, A. Hoffmann 150 Highest flame resistance of lightweight composites materials based on basalt fibers V. Gatterdam, T. Mader, K. Trommer 152 Biotechnological recovery of carbon fibers from fiber composites that are difficult to recycle E. Konopka 160 TRENDREPORT: The gender gap in the textile and clothing industry T. De Wée Nonwovens 155 Elastic meltblown nonwovens with high functionality and memory effect (Neenah Gessner / Covestro) 156 Recycling of carbon fibers — neo-ecology through innovative paper technology M. Sauer, V. Schumm 157 Nonwoven filter media made from bio-based polymer blends and bicomponent fibers R. Taubner, L. Tsarkova, C. Schippers 116, 118-120, 123 Management 133, 140 New books 154 Calendar Inner back cover Imprint / Company index Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 107
108 Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 INDUSTRY NEWS Hyosung TNC has launched a bio-based elastane fiber which is extracted fromcorn. Utilizing a natural resource sourced from maize rather than coal, a bio-derived elastane, Creora Bio-Based, has been created and received a worldwide eco-friendly certification. According to Hyosung, this elastane saves carbon emissions by 23% compared to conventional goods. The US Department of Agriculture awarded the chemical developed from maize with an eco-friendly certification, which is used to partially replace raw materials originating from coal in the Creora BioBased fiber manufactured by Hyosung TNC, Seoul/South Korea. Corn-derived materials have already been used for fibers, wrapping paper, cosmetics, and liquid detergents for a long time, but not for high-functional textiles since it is not technologically viable to give distinctive elasticity and durability. For the first time, after research and development have been made for more than a year, Hyosung TNC claims to have successfully commercialized a bio-based elastane for the first time in the world. In comparison to conventional elastane goods, Creora Bio-Based can reduce water usage by 39% and carbon dioxide emissions by 23%, according to the Life Cycle Assessment, a tool for evaluating environmental effects based on international standards. In June 2022, the SGS (previously Société Générale de Surveillance) awarded the Creora Bio-Based the Eco Product Mark, a global eco-friendly certification. The Eco Product Mark is given that used ecofriendly raw materials, harmless to human body and produced in eco-friendly methods through ESG-oriented management. Global demand for eco-friendly biomaterials is increasing as a result of adoption of the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM). The European Union recently announced that this would be fully implemented in 2025. Hyosung TNC Bio-based elastane fiber Genomatica and Aquafil successfully completed the first demonstration scale production runs for plant-based polyamide 6 (PA 6). The material is intended to reshape the US$ 22 billion PA industry, enabling brands to meet demand from consumers for sustainable everyday materials from apparel to automotive parts to carpets. Biotechnology company Genomatica Inc., San Diego, CA/USA, and fiber manufacturer Aquafil SpA, Arco/Italy, have produced the first several tons of plant-based PA 6 building block caprolactam, have converted it to PA 6 polymer, and are now in the process of transforming it for evaluation in applications such as yarns for textile and carpet and engineering plastics as part of pre-commercial quantities from demonstration production taking place in Europe. The material will go to leading global brands and their value chain partners who are eager to explore and develop renewable products, create showcase goods and test feedback with customers. Genomatica and Aquafil start-up precommercial production of plant-based PA intermediate at the new demonstration plant located at Aquafil Slovenia. Plantbased PA 6 is Genomatica’s 3rd major product line on a path to commercialization. The company has executed high imAquafil Start of commercial plant-based PA 6 production pact deals with a range of brands to accelerate the global commercialization of sustainable materials, with the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 100 million tons in upcoming years. Recent milestones advancing the sustainable materials transition include: a collaboration with lululemon Inc. (Canada) to bring plant-based materials into lululemon’s products, a production milestone with partner Covestro AG (Germany) for plant-based HMD used in sustainable coatings, and a partnership with Asahi Kasei Corp. (Japan) and a newly formed venture with Unilever plc (UK) to commercialize and scale plant-based alternatives to feedstock like palm oil or fossil fuels, to make key ingredients used in everyday cleaning and personal care products. (Source: Hyosung) Toray From sugar to bio-based PA 66 A 100% bio-based adipic acid from sugars has now been developed as a raw material for PA 66, from sugars derived from inedible biomass. This achievement came from using a synthesis technique of Toray combining the company’s microbial fermentation technology and chemical purification technology that harnesses separation membranes. Toray Industries, Inc., Tokyo/Japan, has started to scale up its capabilities in this area. It will test polymerization of PA 66, develop production technology, conduct market research, and take steps to commercialize applications for this bio-based adipic acid by around 2030. One challenge is that conventional chemical synthesis for producing adipic acid generates a greenhouse gas called dinitrogen monoxide. Toray discovered microorganisms that produce an adipic acid intermediate from sugars. The company reconfigured metabolic pathways within microorganisms to enhance production efficiency by applying genetic engineering technology, which artificially recombines genes to streamline synthesis in microorganisms. It also employed bioinformatics technologies to design optimal microbial fermentation pathways for synthesis. Quantity of the intermediate synthesized by microorganisms has increased more than 1,000fold since the initial discovery.
INDUSTRY NEWS Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 109 No. 1 on Regenerated Cellulosics www.maurer-sa.ch The world’s first manufacturer of colored carbon fiber, Hypetex Ltd., London/UK, has attracted £ 1.25 million in new equity investment and welcomes 2 experienced business leaders as both investors and advisers to the company. The investment is the latest round of the company’s seed funding which will support ambitious growth plans and help scale the business’s footprint. The technology from Hypetex enables the sustainable colorization of advanced materials whilst maintaining and often improving their performance properties. Using a water-based resin system and a low-energy curing process, the finished colored composite materials can be used in a range of products, removing the need for any addition of paint whilst offering both cost-saving and built-in aesthetic improvements. Applications range from consumer electronics, aerospace, yachting and lifestyle products to automotive design and Formula One. As part of the new investment, Neil MacDougall, an experienced private equity and angel investor, has been appointed Chairman of the Board for Hypetex. He brings with him a large amount of experiHypetex £1.25 million investment for colored carbon fiber The global integrated model of IVL continues to benefit from strong consumer trends and management responded effectively to market disruptions. Global chemical company Indorama Ventures Public Company Ltd. (IVL), Bangkok/Thailand, posted a record Core EBITDA of US$758 million in the 2nd quarter (Q2) of 2022, up 17% compared to Q1/2022 and 59% year-on-year (YoY). Sales revenue rose by about 11%, supporting a Core EBITDA margin of 14%. The combination of strong sales and improved margins helped offset higher energy costs in the USA and Europe, while management leveraged the company’s leading position in local and regional markets to ensure uninterrupted customer service levels as higher crude oil prices impacted raw materials costs. The strong Q2 performance extends the record profit achieved in 2021 as the company’s differentiated product portfolio grows in line with long-term macro-consumer trends. The company completed 2 strategic acquisitions in Latin America and Vietnam in Q2/2022, which contributed an additional 12% in revenue growth. The Fibers segment of IVL posted Core EBITDA of $55 million (-15%YoY), as sales declined 11% in Q2 compared to Q1/ 2022. The segment was impacted by lower demand in the Lifestyle vertical amid the China lockdown while higher freight rates restricted exports. The Hygiene vertical was impacted by volumes at Avgol’s Russia site along with increased polypropylene prices, while strength in the replacement tires market partially offset the ongoing semiconductor shortage, resulting in a stable performance for Mobility. IVL Increased sales and EBITDA in Q2/2022 ence having successfully run a panEuropean private equity fund for 15 years and chaired the British Private Equity & Venture Capital Association, London, from 2020 to 2021, and is a director of the UK Business Angels Association, London. Joining him as an advisor to the Board is Nick Rose, whose previous roles include CFO of Diageo plc., London, Chairman of Williams Grand Prix Holdings Plc. Wantage/UK, and Board Member at BAE Systems plc, Franborough/UK. The appointments further strengthen the management structure for the organization. MacDougall and Rose will work alongside CEO Marc Cohen and Chief Technology Officer Nigel Dunlea as they continue to expand the company’s international footprint. Combined PET, the largest of IVL’s 3 business segments, delivered strong Core EBITDA of $431 million, (+35% YoY) and a 1% decrease compared to the previous quarter, on high margins driven by seasonally strong demand, supply chain constraints and overall market tightness. Sales revenue increased by 13% in Q2/2022. In April, the company acquired Ngoc Nghia Industry, a leading PET packaging company in Vietnam.
110 Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 INDUSTRY NEWS The Lycra Company New equity ownership A group of financial institutions, comprising Lindeman Asia, Lindeman Partners Asset Management, Tor Investment Management, and China Everbright Limited (“New Shareholders”), have gained full equity control of The Lycra Company. The current management team of The Lycra Company will continue to run the business under the new owners. Julien Born will continue to serve as CEO. The Lenzing Group increased sales by 25.2% to € 1.29 billion in the first half (H1) of 2022, primarily due to higher fiber prices. The earnings trend mainly reflects the cost trend in global energy and raw material markets, which affected the whole of manufacturing industry. Energy, raw materials and logistics costs rose sharply once again in the reporting period, after cost pressure had already risen steadily throughout the 2021 financial year. As a consequence, earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) decreased by 13.3% year-on-year to € 188.9 million (H1/2021: € 217.8 million). The strength of the specialty strategy and of brands based on innovation and sustainable activity as well as the continued focus on measures to improve structural earnings in all regions mitigated this negative effect. The EBITDA margin reduced from 21.1 to 14.6% in H1/2022. In March 2022, the new, state-of-the-art lyocell plant in Thailand was opened. The production plant, which is the largest of its kind with a nominal capacity of 100,000 tons/year, was commissioned as planned after 2.5 years of construction, and despite the challenges deriving from the pandemic. The successful implementation of the project will enable Lenzing AG, Lenzing/Austria, to better meet growing customer demand for lyocell fibers, thereby making the global textile and nonwovens industries more sustainable. Lenzing Significant improvement in sales and solid results in H1/2022 The ambition to replace the synthetic fibers polyester and polyamide in textiles has led to Renewcell and HeiQ forming a strategic partnership to manufacture circular HeiQ AeoniQ cellulose filament yarn from Circulose pulp supplied by Renewcell. This partnership enables the incorporation of recycled raw materials in a modern and environmentally friendly yarn production process that facilitates 100% circularity in the textile industry. Capitalizing on their shared vision of a circular and bio-based textile industry, HeiQ Materials AG, Zurich/Switzerland and Renewcell, Stockholm/Sweden, have joined forces to commercialize 100%circular and bio-based high-tenacity filament yarns as a viable replacement for fossil-based fibers like polyamide and polyester at scale. Promising results in initial tests using Circulose as a feedstock for production of HeiQ AeoniQ yarn create an opportunity for collaboration between the partners in their effort to lead the current textile industry transformation, positioning both companies and Europe as a pioneer region incorporating recycled rawmaterials in the most modern and environmentally friendly yarn production processes that allow true circularity in the textile industry. Circulose is a branded dissolving pulp product that Renewcell makes from 100% textile waste, such as worn-out jeans and production scraps. Dissolving pulp cellulose is what the textile industry uses to make viscose, lyocell, modal, acetate other types of regenerated fibers. The only difference with Circulose is that it is made from textile waste instead of wood. Cellulose is the most abundant organic polymer in the world. It is what makes up the cell walls of most plants and trees. The purest cellulose found in nature is cotton. HeiQ AeoniQ yarns are made out of cellulosic biopolymers that during growth bind carbon from the atmosphere while generating oxygen. This high-performance yarn is positioned to potentially substitute synthetic filament yarns which constitute over 60% of global annual textile output. Further, when compared to conventional cellulosic products, HeiQ AeoniQ yarns do not draw on arable land, pesticides or fertilizer in their production. HeiQ AeoniQ yarns are designed for cradle-to-cradle circularity and can be recycled repeatedly while maintaining consistent fiber quality. The manufacturing process is expected to consume 99% less water than cotton yarns and HeiQ AeoniQ is designed to offer comparable performance properties to polyester, polyamide and conventional regenerated cellulose yarns. HeiQ/Renewcell Partnership to replace PET and PA Julien Born, CEO of The Lycra Company The change of equity control follows the conclusion of the receivership process that started in February when the New Shareholders initiated an enforcement action against Ruyi Textile and Fashion International Group Limited, the former parent of The Lycra Company, for loan defaults associated with its purchase of The Lycra Company in January 2019. The Lycra Company, Wilmington, DE/USA, innovates and produces fiber and technology solutions for the apparel and personal care industries. With its new ownership and governance in place, The Lycra Company will continue to focus on accelerating the implementation of its vision, including sustainable solutions that advance circularity, strategic technology partnerships to develop and scale up a wider range of innovative materials, and ongoing digital transformation initiatives. This is fully supported by the new shareholders who have a proven track record of financing and investing in companies across Asia and globally and working with Boards of Directors on business and operational plans to enhance long-term value creation. The new shareholders are committed to further helping The Lycra Company strengthen its financial position and enable its long-term growth.
More information on our website: 100% biobased sustainable future www.thefilamentfactory.com Our 100% biobased multifilament yarns derived from PLA-Biopolymer, synthetized from vegetable, regenerable and renewable resources. Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 111 INDUSTRY NEWS Plans to scale-up production capacity by several thousand tons a year and expand its production network outside of Europe have been announced by AMSilk, a leader in supplying innovative high-performance bio-based silk materials. The company’s scalable biotechnological platform and patent portfoliomeans it is able to produce large quantities of premium bio-fabricated silk materials in constant quality. AMSilk GmbH, Munich/Germany, also announced that co-founder and CTO Dr. Lin Römer has stepped down from the management team and board, and will move to a part-time consultancy role supporting AMSilk with his broad and versatile expertise and know-how. After 14 years, Römer has decided to pursue new opportunities outside of the AMSilk Increased production of bio-based silk company. Over the past decade, he has been dedicated to the success and the growth of AMSilk, and he has been instrumental in bringing its biotech products from the lab to industrial scale, resulting in the successful market launch of the world’s first artificial spider silk products. In May 2022, Klaus Kjeldal was appointed Chief Production Officer and Managing Director to lead the scale-up of AMSilk’s protein production. The Oil to Chemical business of the Reliance Group, Mumbai/India, one of the largest integrated polyester producers worldwide, delivered its best-ever quarterly performance with all-time-high revenue and EBITDA. The segment revenue for the first quarter of FY2022/23 (AprilJune 2022) increased by 56.7% YoY to US$21.02 billion (₹ 161,715 crore) primarily on account of higher crude oil and product prices. The EBITDA of the segment went up by 62.6% to $2.58 billion (₹ 19,888 crore) primarily on account of sharp rise in transportation fuel cracks and better volumes. The EU embargo on Russian oil products, higher gas to oil switching, strong travel demand and lower product inventory levels resulted in tight fuel markets. Downstream chemical profitability was stable with strong PX, PTA and PET deltas offsetting weak polymer and downstream polyester deltas on YoY basis. For the polyester business high volatility in feedstock prices and high inflation concerns led to slow down in global intermediates and polyester markets. China polyester demand was impacted during the quarter due to Covid19 related lockdown. Polyester and PTA operating rate in China reduced during the quarter. Polyester demand in India increased by 44% YoY during April-June 2022, which was up by 22% from pre-Covid level. On YoY basis, PFY, PSF and PET demand increased by 31%, 56% and 90% respectively due to strong economic activities and lower base effect demand was impacted due to second wave of Covid19. Polyester chain margin averaged at $593/ton during April-June 2022 as against $560/ton in January-March 2022 and $622/MT in January-March 2021. On YoY basis, polyester chain delta declined by 5% due to weak MEG and polyester margins. PX margin improved with firm PX prices led by higher crude price and gasoline blending demand. PTA margins improved amidst availability constraint. MEG margin declined due to high feedstock costs and capacity overhang. Downstream polyester margins were impacted by volatile raw material prices and lower downstream demand in China. Reliance Increased demand of polyester in India
112 Chemical Fibers International 3/2022 INDUSTRY NEWS Despite the challenges of the past year, Trevira was able to exceed expectations in 2021 with total sales of around € 232 million. The positive signals in the market continued, particularly in the home textiles sector. Business with the flame-retardant fiber brand Trevira CS picked up again in 2021. This area came under pressure in 2020, mainly due to the lockdown measures for the hotel and event sector. Good improvements were achieved in key countries such as Italy, Germany and Scandinavia. However, rising costs (especially energy, but also raw materials, chemicals, packaging) presented the company with major challenges. The first 5 months in 2022 also went well. There is great development activity around the new Trevira CS brands. The trend towards sustainability continues, which is also reflected in the demand for the Trevira CS eco brand. However, there is also strong demand for the UV-stable, spun-dyed filament yarns, which have been specially developed for the outdoor sector and, in addition to flame retardancy, also offer high performance in terms of lightfastness and tear resistance, now that the cruise ship sector is also slowly starting up again after 2 years with corona pandemic. The integration of Trevira GmbH, Bobingen/Germany, into the parent company Indorama Ventures Public Company Ltd. (IVL), Bangkok/Thailand, has progressed rapidly. The Bobingen-based Fibers Business Unit has been assigned to the socalled "Vertical Hygiene" and the Filaments Business Unit in Guben/Germany to the "Vertical LifeStyle". Trevira Positive outlook for 2022 Hyosung Making ocean waste to high-performance fibers At least 10% of marine litter is estimated to be made up of fishing waste, according to the World Wide Find for Nature (WWF), Gland/Switzerland. This means that between 500,000 and 1 million tons of fishing gear are entering the ocean every year. The fibers manufacturer Hyosung Corp., Seoul/South Korea, is turning ocean waste into treasure with its Ocean Protection Initiative. The initiative begins with the development of Hyosung’s Mipan regen ocean polyamide (PA) and regen ocean polyester (PET), both made with ocean waste. Mipan regen ocean is GRS certified, 100% recycled PA made from discarded fishing nets and other reclaimed nylon waste. Hyosung conducts an extensive collection, chemical recycling and creation process in order to produce exceptional-quality yarn that meets brands’ expectations. Hyosung’s regen ocean 100% recycled PET fiber is made from ocean plastic, which is Ocean Bound Plastic (OBP) certified. This certification was created by Zero Plastic Oceans, Ste Marie de Re/France, to transparently certify that plastic waste is correctly collected and managed. Mipan regen ocean will receive OBP certification in the first quarter of 2023. Despite uncertain general conditions in the first 6 months (H1) of 2022, SGL Carbon's business model is proving its resilience. After € 270.9 million in Q1/2022, the company was able to increase sales to € 278.9 million in Q2. Accordingly, sales for H1/2022 amount to € 549.8 million, which corresponds to a sales plus of € 53.1 million or 10.7% compared to the same period of the previous year. The increase in sales was driven in particular by customers in the semiconductor industry and growth in the industrial applications market segment. Demand from the automotive and chemical industries was also encouraging. EBITDApre, as one of the key performance indicators (KPIs) of SGL Carbon SE, Wiesbaden/Germany, improved by €16.2 million (+22.6%) to € 87.9 million. Consequently, the EBITDApre margin increased from 14.4% to 16.0%. In addition to the higher utilization of production capacities due to higher sales, the improvement in earnings was also driven by the largely successful passing-on of higher raw material and energy costs to customers as well as savings from the transformation program. EBITDApre does not include positive oneoff effects and non-recurring items totaling € 10.6 million (H1/2021: € -5.2 million). As a result, EBIT in H1/2022 increased significantly from € 38.3 million to € 69.6 million. The Carbon Fibers business unit benefited in from final deliveries to a major automotive manufacturer in H1/2022, whose contract expired as scheduled on June 30, 2022. With an increase in sales of 15.6% to € 69.6 million, the Composite Solutions business unit continued its upward trend. The specialist for customized component solutions for the automotive industry improved its EBITDApre from € 5.7 million in H1/2021 to the current € 9.7 million, based in particular on price and volume effects. SGL Carbon Sales +10.7% in H1/2022 PyroTex Easing the aramid shortage Producers of e.g. asphalt and cement are forced to seek out alternative high-heat fabrics for particulate dust filtration amidst the global aramid shortage. The ongoing shortage is creating problems not only for the asphalt and cement industry, which relies heavily on metaaramid filter bags to meet their environmental compliance mandates, but equally for producers of PPE (personal protective equipment) and aircraft supplies. However, there is an available solution to take the strain out of the market and ease the current bottleneck: PyroTex classic, the flame and heat-resistant fiber produced by PyroTex Industries GmbH, Hamburg/Germany. PyroTex classic is an already established and certified fiber in the hot gas filtration, PPE and aircraft industry. As it has a higher LOI, continuous operating temperature and insulation compared to aramid, it can serve as an immediate substitute in those products which are not already using it. The fiber can be delivered in a timely manner as capacity has already been increased. For more fiber news visit our digital home: www.textiletechnology.netwww.textitletechnologie.net